The Reveal: Cormac McCarthy’s Original Drafts of Blood Meridian
Does one always want to know how the magic trick works?
Does getting to know the process of something we love help us to love it more? Or does it become so familiar it loses its power?
For us curiosity-seekers, we might find it can’t hurt to at least get a taste of what McCarthy has previously held very tight to his chest. He’s left behind a veritable treasure-trove of original drafts–98 boxes of notes in all–archived at Texas State University-San Marco’s Wittliff Collections. Bought for $2 million in 2008 as a joint venture between the university and Bill Wittliff (screenwriter of Lonesome Dove), the collection includes unpublished material such as a screenplay, Whales and Men, and drafts of an upcoming novel, The Passenger (not available for reading until after publication). One of the most revealing parts of this collection are the numerous drafts of Blood Meridian: Or the Evening Redness in the West.
Below you see the very first page of what, over years, would become his masterpiece. He began these first drafts in 1975, while finishing up Suttree. As he found his voice for this new direction in his writing, the originals read more like cheap westerns than the epic-biblical masterpiece that Harold Bloom would praise as a “universal tragedy of blood.”
One of the major insights that these original drafts provide us access to is the way McCarthy seeks to take us out of the “mind” of the characters, and to limit our access to their background and psychology so that we’re faced to struggle with the questions more than landing on easy answers. As Noah Gallager Shannon writes:
Because we’re robbed of the salve of psychology, every arrow hanging out of a man’s neck and every tree slung with dead babies is left to fester in our bellies. And we’re forced to puzzle out for ourselves just what to make of the judge and his unyielding diatribes:
‘Had you not seen [the world] from birth and thereby bled it of its strangeness it would appear to you for what it is, a hat trick in a medicine show, a fevered dream, a trance bepopulate with chimeras having neither analogue nor precedent, an itinerant carnival, a migratory tentshow whose ultimate destination after many a pitch in many a mudded field is unspeakable and calamitous beyond reckoning.'”
Judge Holden, the unforgettable antagonist that really gives the novel its resounding quality, didn’t even enter the novel for several drafts, sometime in the late 70s. When he did, we also learn from the archives, he came from the influence of a historical figure from Samuel Chamberlain’s My Confession: Recollections of a Rogue.
McCarthy is known for being a slow writer–and one can begin to see why just from a couple of these original drafts, as well as learning about how he will cut characters completely out of a novel or at least pare their backgrounds to the bone–we can see why. He is also capable of writing sections such as the legions of horribles, something many writers could spend a lifetime trying to execute, in one fell swoop.
There are loads of books out now on “reading Cormac McCarthy,” but if you want access to a book that became legendary in its own right, falling out of publication and still being so highly sought that it sold for hundreds of dollars until it was brought back to publication courtesy of the Wittliff Collections, John Sepich’s Notes on Blood Meridian: Revised and Expanded Edition shares information about the primary sources and notes that McCarthy used. If used as a guidebook on the necessity of intensive field research to create verisimilitude, I highly recommend. If trying to pare to the core of inspiration, you might find the search hollow. You might never read McCarthy with the same pleasure, and you might find you’ve lost your own way by following so closely another.
Draft images courtesy The Cormac McCarthy Papers, Wittliff Collections, Texas State University
One Response to “The Reveal: Cormac McCarthy’s Original Drafts of Blood Meridian”
[…] (Big nod to Chad Prevost for pointing this out in one of his blogs. – https://chadprevost.com/2014/05/01/the-reveal-cormac-mccarthys-original-drafts-of-blood-meridian/) […]
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